Osseous grafting and surgery is a procedure that reshapes the jaw bone which holds your teeth in place. Osseous surgery commonly treats periodontitis. Patients with periodontitis experience defects in the bone around their teeth. The osseous surgery removes those defects and osseous grafting regenerates the lost tissue. Prior to the surgery, the patient undergoes a periodontal treatment that consists or scaling and root planing. Periodontal osseous surgery is completed with local anesthetic. Once the area s numb small incisions are made to access and clean the roots. Depending on the extent of the defects, the diseased bone is altered and possible bone grafts or materials are used to regrow the lost tissue. After a few months the jaw bone and ligaments are back to their original state, the gums are stitched back into place. Osseous Grafting is a routine procedure, with a high success rate. With advances in technology, magnification and biologic materials discomfort is minimal.